Document Detail


The mid-difference hump in forward-masked intensity discrimination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18345845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forward-masked intensity-difference limens (DLs) for pure-tone standards presented at low, medium, and high levels were obtained for a wide range of masker-standard level differences. At a standard level of 25 dB SPL, the masker had a significant effect on intensity resolution, and the data showed a mid-difference hump: The DL elevation was greater at intermediate than at large masker-standard level differences. These results support the hypothesis that the effect of a forward masker on intensity resolution is modulated by the similarity between the masker and the standard. For a given masker-standard level difference, the effect of the masker on the DL was larger for a 55-dB SPL than for the 25-dB SPL standard, providing new support for a midlevel hump. To examine whether the masker-induced DL elevations are related to masker-induced loudness changes [R. P. Carlyon and H. A. Beveridge, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93, 2886-2895 (1993)], the effect of the masker on target loudness was measured for the same listeners. Loudness enhancement followed a mid-difference hump pattern at both the low and the intermediate target level. The correlation between loudness changes and DL elevations was significant, but several aspects of the data are incompatible with the predicted one-on-one relation between the two effects.
Authors:
Daniel Oberfeld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-18     Completed Date:  2008-04-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1571-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany. oberfeld@uni-mainz.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Loudness Perception / physiology
Male
Perceptual Masking* / physiology
Speech Discrimination Tests*
Speech Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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