Document Detail

The microvascular system in ischemic cortical lesions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8811126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the rat, normal blood flow can be restored in the territory of the occluded artery after an arterial occlusion. This event has been attributed to changes in the collateral vessels supplying the territory of the occluded artery. Since only a limited amount of data is available about the plasticity of the microvascular system after a cortical ischemic lesion, in the present study we have evaluated whether the restoration of blood flow to normal levels in the territory of the middle cerebral artery after permanent ischemia is due only to flow through preexisting collateral vessels or also to the development of new microvessels. Middle cerebral artery occlusion was performed in 45 rats. After 24 h of ischemia, magnetic resonance imaging was used to select 16 rats with cortical lesions of similar size and location. After 2 weeks, vascular corrosion casts were obtained from 8 rats by injection of low-viscosity resin and observed by scanning electron microscopy. A correlative light and electron microscopy study was performed using the remaining 8 rats. Two different patterns of vascular modifications were found, one dorsal and one ventral to the lesion. The dorsal portion of the lesion was vascularized by collateral arteries originating from the anterior or posterior cerebral arteries. Collateral trunks showed a meandering course, mainly in the occipital pole. In the ventral portion of the lesion a complex microvascular system was found characterized by an intense vascular proliferation. The arterioles showed a parallel, candelabrum-like pattern with dichotomic branching. Contraction rings were frequently seen. The capillaries showed a sinusoid-like structure, with a large lumen and a continuous endothelium with many micropinocytotic vesicles. A peripheral ring-shaped venous sinus was composed of a network of flat vessels. These results give the first comprehensive description of the microvascular modifications in a focal model of infarct and suggest that the restoration of blood flow to normal levels described in the territory of the middle cerebral artery after permanent ischemia may be due not only to flow through collateral vessels but also to the development of a new vascular system originating mainly from branches of the middle cerebral artery before the occlusion point.
A Sbarbati; C Pietra; A M Baldassarri; U Guerrini; L Ziviani; A Reggiani; A Boicelli; F Osculati
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neuropathologica     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0001-6322     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neuropathol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-06     Completed Date:  1997-03-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0412041     Medline TA:  Acta Neuropathol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  56-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Human Anatomy and Histology, University of Verona, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Ischemia / pathology*
Cerebral Cortex / blood supply*,  pathology*,  ultrastructure
Microcirculation / pathology
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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