Document Detail

A microfluorescent PAS method for the quantitative demonstration of cytoplasmic 1,2-glycols.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  863749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fluorescent microspectrophotometry using dichroic mirror vertical epi-illumination of tissue sections stained with the PAS reaction (periodic acid and pararosaniline Schiff reagent) provides a measure of the relative concentration of 1:2 glycols within and between tissue sections. In PAS reacted sections of agarose gel, pararosaniline Schiff fluorescence increases linearly as the concentration of agarose increases (r=0.97, p less than 0.05). The concentration of glycogen within liver as measured by a phenol-based tissue assay is linearly correlated with pararosaniline Schiff fluorescence of formalin fixed liver sections (r-0.87, p less than 0.05). These relationships are unaffected by alcian blue or hematoxylin. Heretofore the amount of color reaction as measured by densitometry at the pararosaniline absorption peak was claimed to be an unreliable indicator of the amount of reactive glycol present in tissue. Our observations indicate that when the concentration of Schiff reagent exceeds an empiric limit relative to available polysaccharides, the Schiff reagent-tissue complex reflects light at the excitation wavelength instead of fluorescing the emission spectra. This can be circumvented by using dilute pararosaniline-Schiff reagent, shorteining the staining period, and lowering the temperature of the staining medium. While routine PAS staining reactions are followed by washing in running water to develop the red color seen with broad spectrum illumination, water development is unnecessary for the dye-tissue complex to fluoresce. The fluorescent emission peak and the maximum excitation peak of both developed and undeveloped pararosaniline-Schiff-reagent-tissue complexes are 645--50 nm and 540--45 nm, respectively. These spectral characteristics are not changed by binding to oxidation products of different glycoproteins or polysaccharides. Intense exposure to room light, but not 100 repetitive short (0.13 s) exposures, causes partial photodecomposition. Quantitative assessment of cytofluorescence requires definition of the optical system used to measure emission. In the microspectrophotometer employed in this study, dichroic mirrors reflect light with variable efficiency depending on wavelength from the light source to the stage, and variably block light reflected or emitted from the specimen, serving as crude barrier filters. These dichroic mirror characteristics are influenced by the exact nature of the optical coating on the surface of each individual mirror. Since the optical coating on the surface of each individual mirror. Since the optical coating of similar mirrors may vary, the properties of individual mirrors must be considered in the interpretation of spectral data and in determining the proper optical conditions for quantification of cytofluorescence.
D G Changaris; J Combs; W B Severs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Histochemistry     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0301-5564     ISO Abbreviation:  Histochemistry     Publication Date:  1977 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-07-18     Completed Date:  1977-07-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0411300     Medline TA:  Histochemistry     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cytoplasm / analysis
Glycols / analysis*
Indicators and Reagents
Pituitary Gland / analysis*
Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glycols; 0/Indicators and Reagents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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