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microRNA-27b suppresses mouse MSC migration to the liver by targeting SDF-1αin vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22516754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The SDF-1/CXCR4 axis is critical for inducing stem cell mobilization into the circulation, for homing stem cells to the site of injury, and for stem cell participation in the regeneration of liver tissue. In this study, we have gained insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in regulating the expression of SDF-1α by miRNAs. Using microarray and bioinformatics approaches, we identified six miRNAs with differential expression in damaged liver tissue (21days after liver injury) compared to normal C57BL/6 murine liver tissue and further confirmed these observations by qPCR; miR-23a, which was identified by other researchers, was also included for comparative purposes. We found that miR-23a, miR-27a and miR-27b expression was significantly lower in the damaged liver than in the normal liver (p<0.05). We further confirmed that miR-27b could directly interact with the 3'UTR of SDF-1α to suppress SDF-1α protein expression using a luciferase reporter assay and Western blot analysis. In addition, we found that the over-expression of miR-27b significantly reduced the directional migration of primary cultured CRCX4-positive murine mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) in vitro using a transwell assay. These results suggest that miR-27b may be a unique signature of the stem cell niche in the damaged mouse liver and that mir-27b can suppress the directional migration of mMSCs by down-regulating SDF-1α expression by binding directly to the SDF-1α 3'UTR.
Authors:
Mu-Han Lü; Chang-Zhu Li; Chang-Jiang Hu; Ya-Han Fan; Shu-Min Wang; Yu-Yun Wu; Guang-Ping Liang; Shi-Ming Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical and biophysical research communications     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2104     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372516     Medline TA:  Biochem Biophys Res Commun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute of Gastroenterology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, PR China.
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