Document Detail


miR-1 mediated suppression of Sorcin regulates myocardial contractility through modulation of Ca(2+) signaling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22326846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
MicroRNAs are negative gene regulators and play important roles in cardiac development and disease. As evident by cardiomyopathy following cardiac-specific Dicer knockdown they also are required for maintaining normal cardiac contractile function but the specific role of miR-1 in the process is poorly understood. To characterize the role of miR-1 in particular and to identify its specific targets we created a tamoxifen-inducible, cardiac-specific Dicer knockdown mouse and demonstrated that Dicer downregulation results in a dramatic and rapid decline in cardiac function concurrent with significantly reduced levels of miR-1. The importance of miR-1 was established by miR-1 antagomir treatment of wild-type mice, which replicated the cardiac-specific Dicer knockdown phenotype. Down-regulation of miR-1 was associated with up-regulation of its predicted target Sorcin, an established modulator of calcium signaling and excitation-contraction coupling, subsequently verified as a miR-1 target with luciferase constructs. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Sorcin effectively rescued the cardiac phenotypes after Dicer or miR-1 knockdown affirming Sorcin as a critical mediator of the acute cardiomyopathy observed. The regulatory relationship between miR-1 and Sorcin was further confirmed in cultured mouse cardiomyocytes where modulation of miR-1 was associated with discordant Sorcin levels and dysregulation of calcium signaling. Pathological relevance of our findings included decreased miR-1 and increased Sorcin expression in end-stage cardiomyopathy. These findings demonstrate the importance of miR-1 in cardiac function and in the pathogenesis of heart failure via Sorcin-dependent calcium homeostasis.
Authors:
Rahmat Ali; Yan Huang; Stephen E Maher; Richard W Kim; Frank J Giordano; George Tellides; Arnar Geirsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8584     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0262322     Medline TA:  J Mol Cell Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Section of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.
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