Document Detail

A method for cryopreserving chicken primordial germ cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17012169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study established a method for preserving chicken primordial germ cells (PGC) that enables long-term storage in liquid N. Gonads were harvested from stage 27 chick embryos and pooled in groups of 5, 10 (10E), or 20 embryos, contributing gonads to the cell suspension. The gonadal cells, including PGC, were then frozen in 1 of the following cryoprotectant treatments: 2.5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), 5% DMSO, 10% DMSO, 2.5% ethylene glycol (EG), 5% EG, 10% EG, and 0% cryoprotectant as a control. The cells were liberated and frozen in a biosecure cryopreservation straw at a rate of -1 degrees C/min until reaching -85 degrees C and were then plunged into liquid N (-196 degrees C), in which they were stored until analysis. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the PGC post-thaw. The PGC marker stage-specific embryonic antigen-1, which was detected with goat antimouse IgM fluorescein isothiocyanate, was used to label all PGC, and propidium iodide was used to detect cells with compromised cell membranes. There was an interaction effect for the number of viable PGC per individual embryo (P < or = 0.05). The highest level (183.6 +/- 28.4) of viable PGC per individual embryo was observed for 10% EG with 10E and was significantly higher (P < or = 0.05) than cryopreservation in 2.5% DMSO with 10E and 20 embryos, 2.5% EG with 10E, 5% EG with 10E, and all 0% cryoprotectant treatments. No statistical interaction (P > 0.05) was observed for the percentage of viable PGC. However, the highest percentage (80.6%) was observed at 10% EG with 10E. It was demonstrated that PGC were successfully frozen, and the most effective treatment was 10% EG with 10 embryos/straw.
D T Moore; P H Purdy; H D Blackburn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-02     Completed Date:  2006-12-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1784-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Animal Germplasm Program, National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chick Embryo / cytology*
Cryopreservation / methods,  veterinary*
Cryoprotective Agents / pharmacology
Dimethyl Sulfoxide / pharmacology
Ethylene Glycol / pharmacology
Germ Cells / cytology*
Gonads / cytology,  embryology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cryoprotective Agents; 107-21-1/Ethylene Glycol; 67-68-5/Dimethyl Sulfoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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