Document Detail


Metabolic flux of extracellular heme uptake in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is driven by the iron-regulated heme oxygenase (HemO).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22493498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Heme utilization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa involves several proteins required for internalization and degradation of heme. In the following report we provide the first direct in vivo evidence for the specific degradation of extracellular heme to biliverdin (BV) by the iron-regulated HemO. Moreover, through isotopic labeling ((13)C-heme) and electrospray ionization-MS analysis we have confirmed the regioselectivity and ratio of (13)C-δ and β-BV IX (70:30) is identical in vivo to that previously observed for the purified protein. Furthermore, the (13)C-BV IXδ and BV IXβ products are effluxed from the cell by an as yet unidentified transporter. Conversion of extracellular heme to BV is dependent solely on the iron-regulated HemO as evidenced by the lack of BV production in the P. aeruginosa hemO deletion strain. Complementation of P. aeruginosa ΔhemO with a plasmid expressing either the wild type HemO or α-regioselective HemO mutant restored extracellular heme uptake and degradation. In contrast deletion of the gene encoding the cytoplasmic heme-binding protein, PhuS, homologs of which have been proposed to be heme oxygenases, did not eliminate (13)C-BV IXδ and IXβ production. In conclusion the metabolic flux of extracellular heme as a source of iron is driven by the catalytic action of HemO.
Authors:
Kylie D Barker; Katalin Barkovits; Angela Wilks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-04-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  287     ISSN:  1083-351X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-28     Completed Date:  2012-08-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18342-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blotting, Western
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
Genetic Complementation Test
Heme / metabolism*
Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) / genetics,  metabolism*
Iron / metabolism*
Pseudomonas aeruginosa / metabolism*
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AI-55912/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; AI-85535/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R01 AI085535/AI/NIAID NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
42VZT0U6YR/Heme; E1UOL152H7/Iron; EC 1.14.99.3/Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)
Comments/Corrections

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