Document Detail

A meta-analysis of painting exposure and cancer mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9824376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To assess risks of cancer mortality among workers exposed to paints, published papers referring to painters and mortality with standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were meta-analyzed in fixed and random effect models. The SMR for all sites of cancer was significantly raised (111.4; 95% CI: 105.8-117.4). The highest risks of cancer death were from leukemia (187; 95% CI: 114.5-306.7) and from liver cancer (143.6; 95% CI: 117.6-175.4). The SMRs for esophagus and stomach cancer were 132.7 (95% CI: 112.1-157.2) and 120.3 (95% CI: 111.3-130.0), respectively. The risks of bladder cancer (130.4; 95% CI: 113.8-149.5) and lung cancer (129.1; 95% CI: 119.2-139.8) were also raised. The findings provide evidence of an association between work as a painter and risk of cancer, although the confounding effects of smoking and alcohol cannot be entirely excluded, especially with respect to liver cancer since deaths from cirrhosis were also increased. The excess deaths from leukemia could have been from exposure to benzene mixed with other organic solvents, while that from lung cancer may be from exposure to particles containing lead chromate and to asbestos in the paint trade. The high risks of cirrhosis and liver cancer need to be examined further as to possible interactions between organic solvents and alcohol.
R Chen; A Seaton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer detection and prevention     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0361-090X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Detect. Prev.     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-06-17     Completed Date:  1999-06-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704778     Medline TA:  Cancer Detect Prev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  533-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental & Occupational Medicine, Medical School, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  mortality*
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
Paint / adverse effects*
Risk Assessment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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