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A meta-analysis and investigation for the source of bias of left ventricular volumes and function by three-dimensional echocardiography in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21146700     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Determining accurate left ventricular (LV) function is clinically important. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) achieves better estimation than 2-dimensional echocardiography. However, underestimation of LV volumes has often been reported without a systematic attempt to synthesize these data. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the bias of 3DE in evaluating LV volumes and ejection fraction (EF) and to investigate factors affecting that bias. Studies that compared LV volumes and/or EF between 3DE and magnetic resonance imaging were eligible. Meta-analysis of 95 studies including 3,055 subjects revealed significant underestimation of LV end-systolic volume (-4.7 ml, p <0.0001) and end-diastolic volume (-9.9 ml, p <0.0001), whereas measurement for EF revealed excellent accuracy (-0.13%, p = 0.41). Meta-regression analysis for factors of systematic bias in volumetry revealed that female gender and existence of cardiac disease were associated with more underestimation, whereas use of semiautomatic tracking and matrix-array transducers counteracted the underestimation. In conclusion, by meta-analysis synthesizing many small studies, we found underestimation of LV volumes and factors affecting the systematic bias by 3DE. These data provide a more detailed basis for analyzing and improving the accuracy of 3DE, an indispensable step toward further clinical application in LV assessment.
Authors:
Yuichi J Shimada; Takahiro Shiota
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-38     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, University Hospital and Manhattan Campus for Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.
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