Document Detail

A meta-analysis of exercise interventions among people treated for cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16447036     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
GOAL: This review applied meta-analytic procedures to integrate primary research findings that tested exercise interventions among people treated for cancer. METHODS: Extensive literature searching strategies located published and unpublished intervention studies that tested exercise interventions with at least five participants (k = 30). Primary study results were coded. Meta-analytic procedures were conducted. MAIN RESULTS: The overall weighted mean effect size (ES) for two-group comparisons was 0.52 (higher mean for treatment than control) for physical function, 0.35 for symptoms other than fatigue, and 0.27 for body composition. More modest positive ESs were documented for mood (0.19), quality of life (0.14), fatigue (0.11), and exercise behavior (0.04). ESs were larger among single-group pre-post design studies. ESs among control group participants were typically negative and not (statistically) significantly different from 0. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise interventions resulted in small positive effects on health and well-being outcomes among existing studies. Future research should examine intervention-specific characteristics that result in optimal results, such as dose.
Vicki S Conn; Adam R Hafdahl; Davina C Porock; Roxanne McDaniel; Paul J Nielsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2006-01-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0941-4355     ISO Abbreviation:  Support Care Cancer     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-14     Completed Date:  2006-12-20     Revised Date:  2007-12-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9302957     Medline TA:  Support Care Cancer     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  699-712     Citation Subset:  IM    
S317 School of Nursing, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Therapy*
Fatigue / etiology*,  physiopathology,  prevention & control,  psychology,  therapy*
Health Behavior
Motor Activity
Neoplasms / complications*,  physiopathology,  psychology,  therapy*
Physical Endurance
Physical Fitness
Quality of Life
Research Design
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
Erratum In:
Support Care Cancer. 2007 Dec;15(12):1441-2

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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