Document Detail


A meta-analysis of 21,178 patients undergoing open or endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18446774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Several studies have compared outcomes after elective open and endovascular approaches to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery, with varying results. METHODS: A random-effects meta-analysis was undertaken to compare operative outcomes, postoperative complications, 30-day mortality and long-term patient survival after surgery. Endpoints were compared using odds ratios (ORs), weighted mean differences (WMDs) or log hazard ratios (HRs) as appropriate. RESULTS: Forty-two studies comprising 21,178 patients (10,855 open; 10,323 endovascular) were included. In the elective setting (20,715 patients), the endovascular method was associated with a shorter stay in intensive care (WMD--36 h; P < 0.001) and a shorter total postoperative stay (WMD--5.4 days; P < 0.001). Cardiac (OR 1.76; P = 0.002) and respiratory (OR 4.01; P < 0.001) complications were more common after open surgery. In the endovascular group, 30-day mortality was lower (OR 0.46; P < 0.001). Endovascular surgery was also associated with an improved long-term aneurysm-related mortality (HR 0.39; P < 0.001). For ruptured AAA (463 patients), the less invasive operation was associated with a reduced stay in intensive care (WMD--100.4 h; P = 0.005) and a significantly lower 30-day mortality (OR 0.45; P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The endovascular repair of AAA offers a clear benefit in terms of reduction in postoperative adverse events and 30-day mortality. In the longer term, it is also associated with a reduction in aneurysm-related mortality, but not in all-cause mortality.
Authors:
R E Lovegrove; M Javid; T R Magee; R B Galland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of surgery     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1365-2168     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Surg     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-05     Completed Date:  2008-05-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372553     Medline TA:  Br J Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  677-84     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
2008 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of General Surgery, Royal Berkshire Hospital, London Road, Reading RG1 5AN, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / mortality,  surgery*
Aortic Rupture / surgery*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Endarterectomy / methods*
Humans
Publication Bias
Surgical Procedures, Elective / methods
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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