Document Detail


The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16416750     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Both physical activity and exposure to nature are known separately to have positive effects on physical and mental health. We have investigated whether there is a synergistic benefit in adopting physical activities whilst being directly exposed to nature ('green exercise'). Five groups of 20 subjects were exposed to a sequence of 30 scenes projected on a wall whilst exercising on a treadmill. Four categories of scenes were tested: rural pleasant, rural unpleasant, urban pleasant and urban unpleasant. The control was running without exposure to images. Blood pressure and two psychological measures (self-esteem and mood) were measured before and after the intervention. There was a clear effect of both exercise and different scenes on blood pressure, self-esteem and mood. Exercise alone significantly reduced blood pressure, increased self-esteem, and had a positive significant effect on 4 of 6 mood measures. Both rural and urban pleasant scenes produced a significantly greater positive effect on self-esteem than the exercise-only control. This shows the synergistic effect of green exercise in both rural and urban environments. By contrast, both rural and urban unpleasant scenes reduced the positive effects of exercise on self-esteem. The rural unpleasant scenes had the most dramatic effect, depressing the beneficial effects of exercise on three different measures of mood. It appears that threats to the countryside depicted in rural unpleasant scenes have a greater negative effect on mood than already urban unpleasant scenes. We conclude that green exercise has important public and environmental health consequences.
Authors:
Jules Pretty; Jo Peacock; Martin Sellens; Murray Griffin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of environmental health research     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0960-3123     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Environ Health Res     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-18     Completed Date:  2006-02-09     Revised Date:  2009-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106628     Medline TA:  Int J Environ Health Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, UK. jpretty@essex.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect
Blood Pressure
Environment*
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Health Status
Humans
Male
Mental Health
Middle Aged
Self Concept

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Radiographic recognition and distribution of approximal carious lesions in New Zealand undergraduate...
Next Document:  Occurrence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in irrigation water and its impact on the fresh produce in...