Document Detail


A meiotically reproducible chromosome length polymorphism in the ascomycete fungus Ophiostoma ulmi (sensu lato).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9230897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have followed the transmission of Ophiostoma ulmi s.l. chromosome length polymorphisms (CLPs) into the F2 generation to determine the reproducibility of a genome rearrangement culminating in the conversion of a 1.0 Mb chromosome into a 800 kb chromosome. The 1.0 Mb chromosome in strain CESS16K is thus far unique among O ulmi s.l. wild-type strains, as no other wild-type strains have been observed with chromosomes smaller than 2.3 Mb. It has been previously shown that the 1.0 Mb chromosome is mitotically stable, carries at least one normally expressed gene, and is transmitted through meiosis. In this study, a series of crosses were performed to further elucidate the pattern of inheritance of the 1.0 Mb chromosome and the process of conversion of the 1.0 Mb species to 800 kb. In crosses where the 1.0 Mb chromosome was allowed to pair with itself or with the 800 kb chromosome, all progeny inherited a copy of the 1.0 Mb or 800 kb form, further demonstrating the A-type nature of these small chromosomes. When a cross was repeated between the strains CESS16K (1.0 Mb chromosome) and FG245Br-O (no 1.0 Mb or 800 kb chromosome), the occurrence of a 800 kb chromosome was observed in 9% of the progeny. A reciprocal cross between an 800 kb strain and a strain with no 800 kb or 1.0 Mb chromosome was conducted, and a progeny strain containing a 1.0 Mb chromosome was recovered. The reproducibility and reciprocality of the 1.0 Mb to 800 kb chromosome conversion demonstrates that meiotic processes are responsible for this CLP, and that O. ulmi s.l. strains with various divergent genome architectures can remain sexually compatible.
Authors:
K Dewar; J Bousquet; J Dufour; L Bernier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular & general genetics : MGG     Volume:  255     ISSN:  0026-8925     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Gen. Genet.     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-07     Completed Date:  1997-08-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0125036     Medline TA:  Mol Gen Genet     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre de recherche en biologie forestière, Faculté de foresterie et de géomatique, Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ascomycota / genetics*,  physiology
Chromosomes, Fungal / genetics*
Crosses, Genetic
DNA, Complementary / genetics
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Genome, Fungal*
Karyotyping
Meiosis*
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Complementary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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