Document Detail


The mechanism of ultrafast structural switching in superionic copper (I) sulphide nanocrystals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23340409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Superionic materials are multi-component solids with simultaneous characteristics of both a solid and a liquid. Above a critical temperature associated with a structural phase transition, they exhibit liquid-like ionic conductivities and dynamic disorder within a rigid crystalline structure. Broad applications as electrochemical storage materials and resistive switching devices follow from this abrupt change in ionic mobility, but the microscopic pathways and speed limits associated with this switching process are largely unknown. Here we use ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy and scattering techniques to obtain an atomic-level, real-time view of the transition state in copper sulphide nanocrystals. We observe the transformation to occur on a twenty picosecond timescale and show that this is determined by the ionic hopping time.
Authors:
T A Miller; J S Wittenberg; H Wen; S Connor; Y Cui; A M Lindenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature communications     Volume:  4     ISSN:  2041-1723     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Commun     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528555     Medline TA:  Nat Commun     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1369     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.
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