Document Detail

The mechanical ventilator: past, present, and future.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21801579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The use of ventilatory assistance can be traced back to biblical times. However, mechanical ventilators, in the form of negative-pressure ventilation, first appeared in the early 1800s. Positive-pressure devices started to become available around 1900 and today's typical intensive care unit (ICU) ventilator did not begin to be developed until the 1940s. From the original 1940s ventilators until today, 4 distinct generations of ICU ventilators have existed, each with features different from that of the previous generation. All of the advancements in ICU ventilator design over these generations provide the basis for speculation on the future. ICU ventilators of the future will be able to integrate electronically with other bedside technology; they will be able to effectively ventilate all patients in all settings, invasively and noninvasively; ventilator management protocols will be incorporated into the basic operation of the ventilator; organized information will be presented instead of rows of unrelated data; alarm systems will be smart; closed-loop control will be present on most aspects of ventilatory support; and decision support will be available. The key term that will be used to identify these future ventilators will be smart!
Robert M Kacmarek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0020-1324     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1170-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Respiratory Care Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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