Document Detail


A measurement model of adolescent smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7832006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Self report measures of smoking may contain substantial measurement error. If these errors are nonrandom, then they may be correlated with substantive variables in epidemiologic or intervention studies, thus confounding and biasing estimates of structural relations. In efforts to circumvent such bias, investigators have supplemented questionnaires with biological indicators of exposure to tobacco smoke. However, errors in biological indicators may also include systematic errors that produce biased estimates. The current study was designed to estimate the variance of systematic and random errors in self report and two biologic measures of smoking in adolescents. A linear model was fit to data from 342 males and 250 females with repeated measures separated by 1 year. Thiocyanate and self report were found to have substantial nonrandom error components that were correlated with psychosocial variables. In contrast, errors in carbon monoxide in expired air were not autocorrelated, and were uncorrelated with psychosocial variables.
Authors:
R F Palmer; J H Dwyer; N Semmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    1994 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-23     Completed Date:  1995-02-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Southern California.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Bias (Epidemiology)
Biological Markers / analysis
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Germany / epidemiology
Health Promotion
Humans
Incidence
Linear Models*
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Predictive Value of Tests
Smoking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Thiocyanates / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Thiocyanates; 302-04-5/thiocyanate; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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