Document Detail


On the marriage of cognition and neuroscience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11707079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper summarizes five major themes of discussion stemming from a recent workshop at the University of Toronto. The focus of the workshop was whether the phenomenology of cognition has a direct translation to the biological processes of the brain. The study of this translation is the goal of cognitive neuroscience. The themes were: (1) the influence of context on the understanding of brain function, in which regional activity may have different functional relevance depending on activity in the rest of the brain; (2) the merger of anatomy and function, emphasizing how interfacing at the systems level can have the potential to aid in the understanding of how anatomy constrains function; (3) the development of mathematical measures that take advantage of organizing principles of the nervous system; (4) the observation that the relation between "top-down" and "bottom-up" both neurally and conceptually could be better appreciated through a more principled mathematical approach; and (5) a central role for large-scale neural modeling to bridge basic neurophysiology and anatomy. Despite the consensus on these themes, there are several challenges for the field. Significant obstacles arise from the multidisciplinary nature of cognitive neuroscience, in which terms do not mean the same thing across disciplines (e.g., networks and systems). The imprecision of explanations for cognitive neuroscience data was also seen as a significant problem, suggesting that more principled attempts at explicit model specifications and prediction will be necessary for the field to develop.
Authors:
A R McIntosh; S M Fitzpatrick; K J Friston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Congresses    
Journal Detail:
Title:  NeuroImage     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1053-8119     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroimage     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-14     Completed Date:  2002-01-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215515     Medline TA:  Neuroimage     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1231-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.
Affiliation:
Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brain / anatomy & histology,  physiology*
Brain Mapping
Cognition / physiology*
Humans
Neural Pathways / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Neurosciences / trends*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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