Document Detail

A lower-extremities kinematic comparison of deep-water running styles and treadmill running.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17149985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this investigation was to identify a deep-water running (DWR) style that most closely approximates terrestrial running, particularly relative to the lower extremities. Twenty intercollegiate distance runners (women, N = 12; men, N = 8) were videotaped from the right sagittal view while running on a treadmill (TR) and in deep water at 55-60% of their TR VO(2)max using 2 DWR styles: cross-country (CC) and high-knee (HK). Variables of interest were horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) displacement of the knee and ankle, stride rate (SR), VO(2), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Multivariate omnibus tests revealed statistically significant differences for RPE (p < 0.001). The post hoc pairwise comparisons revealed significant differences between TR and both DWR styles (p < 0.001). The kinematic variables multivariate omnibus tests were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.001 to p < 0.019). The post hoc pairwise comparisons revealed significant differences in SR (p < 0.001) between TR (1.25 +/- 0.08 Hz) and both DWR styles and also between the CC (0.81 +/- 0.08 Hz) and HK (1.14 +/- 0.10 Hz) styles of DWR. The CC style of DWR was found to be similar to TR with respect to linear ankle displacement, whereas the HK style was significantly different from TR in all comparisons made for ankle and knee displacement. The CC style of DWR is recommended as an adjunct to distance running training if the goal is to mimic the specificity of the ankle linear horizontal displacement of land-based running, but the SR will be slower at a comparable percentage of VO(2)max.
Garry L Killgore; Anthony R Wilcox; Brian L Caster; Terry M Wood
Related Documents :
2744675 - Marcher's digitalgia paresthetica among recruits.
2339615 - Study of the anaerobic metabolism during the preparation of runners.
16388435 - Effects of age and recovery duration on performance during multiple treadmill sprints.
10799685 - Changes in breathing during observation of effortful actions.
11563495 - Reliability of cardiorespiratory measurements during wheelchair ergometry.
619865 - Reactive hyperemia vs treadmill exercise testing in arterial disease.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-07     Completed Date:  2007-01-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  919-27     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Health and Human Performance, Linfield College, McMinnville, OR 97128, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Exercise Test / methods*
Heart Rate / physiology
Lower Extremity / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Running / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Profiling in basketball: physical and physiological characteristics of elite players.
Next Document:  Body composition and physical performance during a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division...