Document Detail

The lost muscles of the nose.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8661598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This is a review of the muscular anatomy of the nose. Areas of inconsistency in the main anatomy texts are highlighted and concentrate particularly on the omission of three identifiable muscles from modern textbooks. Two topographical areas of the nose in need of further anatomical development are identified. In a sample of 121 subjects from the general population, 40% were found to be incapable of flaring the nostrils voluntarily or subconsciously in conjunction with energetic inspiration with the mouth closed. The authors recommend systematic clinical assessment of the nasal musculature be incorporated in the pre- and postoperative examination of the rhinoplasty patient. The division of the nose into five sections for assessment is proposed and the muscles contributing to each area are defined together with their individual surgical relevance.
J L Hoeyberghs; K Desta; R N Matthews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aesthetic plastic surgery     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0364-216X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Publication Date:    1996 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-02     Completed Date:  1996-10-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701756     Medline TA:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Wellness Clinic, Genk, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Middle Aged
Muscles / anatomy & histology*,  surgery
Nasal Bone / anatomy & histology,  surgery
Nose / anatomy & histology*,  surgery
Rhinoplasty* / adverse effects

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