Document Detail

A longitudinal study of urinary dipstick parameters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Côte d'Ivoire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20333735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We performed 796 dip-stick tests on urine from 100 wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) from 4 habituated groups in the tropical rain forest of Taï National Park, Cote d'Ivoire, to establish reference values for health monitoring. Specific gravity was also measured on 359 urine samples from 62 chimpanzees. The effect of age, sex, group, month, estrus, pregnancy, meat consumption, and acute respiratory disease on pH, leucocytes, protein, blood, hemoglobin, and glucose was examined using ordinal logistic regression. The presence of nitrite, ketones, bilirubin, and urobilinogen in urine was also recorded. Outbreak of acute respiratory disease did not influence any of the urinary parameters. Thirty-seven percent of the samples had a pH <7 and the whole range of pH was found through the year, in all age groups, and in both sexes. Meat consumption lowered the urinary pH. Our results show that all pH levels must be considered normal for the West African chimpanzee subspecies P. troglodytes verus living in the rainforest. We also found a cluster of glucose-positive samples at a specific point in time which was not attributed to diabetes mellitus. These findings highlight that there are differences in normal physiological parameters among wild chimpanzees living in different habitats.
Siv Aina J Leendertz; Sonja Metzger; Eystein Skjerve; Tobias Deschner; Christophe Boesch; Julia Riedel; Fabian H Leendertz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of primatology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1098-2345     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Primatol.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-30     Completed Date:  2010-10-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108949     Medline TA:  Am J Primatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  689-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz, Leipzig, Germany. <>
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Estrous Cycle
Glycosuria / metabolism
Hematuria / metabolism
Hemoglobinuria / metabolism
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Leukocytes / cytology
Longitudinal Studies
Pan troglodytes / urine*
Reagent Strips
Reference Values
Sex Factors
Specific Gravity
Time Factors
Urine / chemistry,  cytology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Reagent Strips

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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