Document Detail


A longitudinal study on the nutritional state of elderly women at a nursing home in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17106153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Elderly people at nursing homes often suffer from malnutrition, which is characterized by a loss of muscle mass and hypoalbuminemia. This malnourished state is closely associated with an impaired activity of daily living (ADL). We analyzed the nutritional state of such elderly individuals longitudinally over 3 years by anthropometry, serum albumin, and muscle and fat volume as estimated by MRI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects consisted of 16 elderly women aged 83 +/- 7 (mean +/- SD) years who resided at a nursing home in an urban area of central Japan. We determined their ADL levels using the Barthel Index (BI) at entry. Seven women belonged to group A (BI; 65-100), thus implying either a mild or no decline in ADL, while the other 9 were in group B (BI; 0-60) and they demonstrated a severe decline in ADL. We measured the following parameters every year from 2000 to 2003; anthropometry including height, body weight, arm circumference (AC), and arm muscle circumference (AMC), thigh muscle and fat volume as estimated by MRI [thigh muscle volume (TMV) and thigh fat volume (TFV)], serum albumin, and plasma amino acid levels by blood biochemistry. The anthropometric values were converted into percentages of the age- and sex-matched reference values for Japanese. RESULTS: In all subjects, the TMV, %AMC, and serum albumin level decreased significantly during the three-year period (p<0.05, respectively). The change in TMV correlated significantly with those in the %AC and %AMC (p<0.05, respectively). Group B showed significantly larger decreases in the %AMC and serum albumin level than group A. CONCLUSION: Both the muscular and visceral protein levels were found to decrease with aging in the subjects at the nursing home. This decrease depends partly on the ADL level of each subject.
Authors:
Hironori Nakamura; Hideki Fukushima; Yoshiyuki Miwa; Makoto Shiraki; Ikuko Gomi; Masaya Saito; Kazunori Mawatari; Hisamine Kobayashi; Masahiko Kato; Hisataka Moriwaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2006-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1349-7235     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-19     Completed Date:  2007-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204241     Medline TA:  Intern Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1113-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Amino Acids / blood
Anthropometry
Arm / anatomy & histology
Body Mass Index
Energy Intake
Female
Humans
Japan / epidemiology
Leg / anatomy & histology
Longitudinal Studies
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology
Muscular Atrophy / epidemiology,  etiology,  pathology
Nursing Homes* / statistics & numerical data
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status*
Protein-Energy Malnutrition / blood,  epidemiology,  pathology
Serum Albumin / analysis
Skinfold Thickness
Thinness / blood,  epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Serum Albumin

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