Document Detail

A longitudinal study of bereavement phenomena in recently widowed elderly men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8084936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A three-phase longitudinal design was used to study bereavement phenomena in a cohort (N = 78) of recently widowed elderly Australian men. One group of 57 widowers was compared with a second group of 21 widowers on a waiting list. A brief, interviewer-administered, structured questionnaire was used to rate the frequency of 22 self-reported bereavement phenomena. The prevalence and temporal evolution of these phenomena are described. Half of a subgroup of elderly widowers reporting high levels of bereavement phenomena at 6 weeks post-bereavement went on to exhibit persistent or chronic grief at 13 months post-bereavement. The prevalence of persistent or chronic grief throughout the first 13 months post-bereavement was 8.8%. Income, education and expectedness of the death were all negatively correlated with frequency of self-reported bereavement phenomena at 6 weeks post-bereavement. In a multiple regression analysis only expectedness of the death contributed significantly to prediction of the frequency of bereavement phenomena at 6 weeks post-bereavement. Widowers who were unable to anticipate their wife's death, even when their wife had suffered a long final illness, had a more severe bereavement reaction.
G J Byrne; B Raphael
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0033-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-10-13     Completed Date:  1994-10-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Queensland, Herston, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Caregivers / psychology
Follow-Up Studies
Gender Identity*
Longitudinal Studies
Marriage / psychology
Personality Assessment
Widowhood / psychology*

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