Document Detail

The long-term cost-effectiveness of the use of Functional Electrical Stimulation for the correction of dropped foot due to upper motor neuron lesion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23303521     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) for correction of dropped foot has been shown to increase mobility, reduce the incidence of falls and to improve quality of life. This study aimed to determine how long the intervention is of benefit, and the total cost of its provision.
DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records.
PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty-six people with spastic dropped foot (62 stroke, 39 multiple sclerosis, 7 spinal cord injury, 3 cerebral palsy, 15 others) who began treatment in the year 1999.
METHOD: All received common peroneal nerve stimulation, producing dorsiflexion and eversion time to the swing phase of gait using a heel switch. Device usage, 10 m walking speed and Functional Walking Category (FWC) were recorded.
RESULTS: The median time of FES use was 3.6 years (mean 4.9, standard deviation 4.1, 95% confidence interval 4.2-5.6) with 33 people still using FES after a mean of 11.1 years. People with stroke walked a mean of 45% faster overall, including a 24% training effect with 52% improving their FWC. People with multiple sclerosis did not receive a consistent training effect but walked 29% faster when FES was used with 40% increasing their FWC. The average treatment cost was £3,095 per patient resulting in a mean cost per Quality Adjusted Life Years of £15,406.
CONCLUSION: FES is a practical, long-term and cost-effective treatment for correction of dropped foot.
Paul Taylor; Laura Humphreys; Ian Swain
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1651-2081     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-25     Completed Date:  2013-07-19     Revised Date:  2014-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088169     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Med     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Palsy / complications,  rehabilitation,  therapy
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Electric Stimulation*
Electric Stimulation Therapy* / economics
Exercise Therapy
Gait Disorders, Neurologic / etiology,  rehabilitation,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Multiple Sclerosis / complications,  rehabilitation,  therapy
Peroneal Nerve / pathology*
Peroneal Neuropathies / etiology,  rehabilitation,  therapy*
Spinal Cord Injuries / complications,  rehabilitation,  therapy
Stroke / complications,  rehabilitation,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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