Document Detail


The lmo1078 gene encoding a putative UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase is involved in growth of Listeria monocytogenes at low temperature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17666069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen with the ability to grow at low temperature. Given the importance of refrigeration as a means of food preservation, the psychrotolerant nature of this microorganism poses a significant public health hazard. In order to better understand the mechanisms underlying cold adaptation of L. monocytogenes, a library of Tn917-lac insertional mutants was screened. A cold-sensitive mutant, named cs1, was isolated and found to be also sensitive to salt-stress. Analysis of the transposon insertion site allowed the identification of a gene, lmo1078, encoding a putative UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase with 68% identity to GtaB from Bacillus subtilis. In gram-positive bacteria, this enzyme catalyses the formation of UDP-glucose, a precursor of membrane glycolipids and cell envelope teichoic acids. Complementation of mutant cs1 with a wild-type copy of lmo1078 restored its ability to grow at low temperature and high salt concentration, indicating that UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase activity is important for cold and salt tolerance. These results are thus consistent with previous studies showing the importance of the cell envelope in L. monocytogenes adaptation to stressful conditions.
Authors:
Danielle Chassaing; Frédéric Auvray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-07-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  FEMS microbiology letters     Volume:  275     ISSN:  0378-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  FEMS Microbiol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-14     Completed Date:  2007-12-27     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705721     Medline TA:  FEMS Microbiol Lett     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches sur la Qualité des Aliments et les Procédés Agroalimentaires, Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments, Maisons-Alfort, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Base Sequence
Cold Temperature*
DNA Transposable Elements
Genes, Bacterial / genetics,  physiology*
Genetic Complementation Test
Listeria monocytogenes / enzymology,  genetics,  growth & development*
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutagenesis, Insertional
Mutation
UTP-Glucose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase / genetics,  physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA Transposable Elements; EC 2.7.7.9/UTP-Glucose-1-Phosphate Uridylyltransferase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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