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The limitations and risks of transarterial Onyx injections in the treatment of grade I and II DAVFs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20837384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Embolization of grade III-V intracranial DAVFs using Onyx is feasible with promising results, indicating stability at the time of mid-term follow-up. This article is to evaluate the role of transarterial Onyx embolization in the treatment of grade I and II intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), including its limitations and risks.
METHODS: We retrospectively studied consecutive 26 patients (8 women and 18 men) treated for an grade I and II intracranial DAVF since 2006 in whom a transarterial approach was attempted with Onyx-18 embolization. There were 18 transverse-sigmoid sinus, 4 cavernous sinus, 2 superior sagittal sinus, 1 inferior petrosal sinus and 1 intradiploic fistulas. Five fistulas were Type I, 8 were Type IIa, and 13 were Type IIa+b, according to the Cognard classification. The mean clinical follow-up period was 15.6 months.
RESULTS: Anatomic cure was proven in 13 patients (50%) and clinical cure was obtained in 17 cases (65.4%). These 13 cures were achieved after a single procedure. All these 13 patients underwent a follow-up angiography, which has confirmed the complete cure. Partial occlusion was obtained in 13 patients. Complications were as follows: 2 cardiac Onyx migration, 2 reflexive bradyarrythmia, 1 transient visual hallucination, 2 transient fifth nerve palsies and 1 permanent seventh nerve palsy in inferior petrosal sinus DAVF.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on this experience, grade I and II intracranial DAVFs may be treated with transarterial Onyx embolization to reduce the shunted blood flow and to facilitate subsequent transvenous embolization or surgery.
Authors:
Xianli Lv; Chuhan Jiang; Youxiang Li; Lian Liu; Jie Liu; Zhongxue Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of radiology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1872-7727     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Radiol     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106411     Medline TA:  Eur J Radiol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e385-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 6, Tiantan Xili, Chongwen, Beijing 100050, China.
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