Document Detail

The ligament augmentation device in hamstring grafts for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7943519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Twenty-eight patients who had reconstructions of the anterior cruciate ligament with a ligament augmentation device in the semitendinosus and gracilis tendons were compared with 32 patients who had reconstructions with semitendinosus and gracilis tendons alone. Preoperatively, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups with respect to age, sex, Tegner activity level, and time from injury to operation. Mean postoperative followup was 31.4 months for the augmentation group and 32.3 months for the nonaugmentation group. At postoperative evaluation, there was no difference in the 2 groups with respect to Lysholm knee scores, return to activity as measured by Tegner levels, KT-1000 arthrometer laxity testing, presence of pivot shift or Lachman sign, range of motion, and the patient's subjective overall rating of the surgery. Twenty-six of the 28 patients (93%) with augmentation rated their results as either "good" or "excellent" compared with 30 of the 32 patients (94%) with no ligament augmentation who rated their results as good or excellent. Four patients with the ligament augmentation devices needed reoperation for recurrent effusions and pain. No patients in the nonaugmentation group had recurrent effusions.
M D Santi; A B Richardson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of sports medicine     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0363-5465     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Sports Med     Publication Date:    1994 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-10     Completed Date:  1994-11-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609541     Medline TA:  Am J Sports Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  524-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96813.
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MeSH Terms
Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiopathology,  surgery*
Chi-Square Distribution
Knee Joint / physiopathology,  surgery*
Predictive Value of Tests
Prostheses and Implants*
Range of Motion, Articular
Tendons / transplantation*
Transplantation, Autologous
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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