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The lens epithelium in ocular health and disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20883819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The lens arises from invagination of head ectoderm during embryonic development and in the adult has a relatively simple structure, comprising just two cell types (epithelial and fibre cells). Its isolation from nerves and blood vessels in the adult make it a tractable model to investigate mechanisms that regulate epithelial cells. A major focus in lens research in the past 50 years has been on the differentiation of fibre cells from epithelial cells. Hence, there has been much interest in the role of signalling systems regulating fibre cell differentiation during development. In contrast, the signalling systems that control the formation and maintenance of the lens epithelium have, until recently, been largely ignored or incidental to studies on differentiation or cataract. One notable example has been the identification of signals that underlie epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that characterizes anterior subcapsular cataract (ASC) and posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Recent data indicate that normal epithelial phenotype is regulated by several key signalling systems, including receptor tyrosine kinase receptors acting via the MAPK and Akt pathways, Wnt, Notch as well as extracellular matrix cues and possibly the Sal-Warts-Hippo pathway. Here we have shifted emphasis onto molecular mechanisms that regulate the establishment, maintenance and function of the lens epithelium.
Authors:
G Martinez; R U de Iongh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1878-5875     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508482     Medline TA:  Int J Biochem Cell Biol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1945-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Ocular Development Laboratory, Anatomy & Cell Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia.
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