Document Detail


The leishmaniases--survival and expansion in a changing world. A mini-review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17899628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The number of cases of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis is increasing globally at an alarming rate irrespective of the region and the leishmaniases are amongst the top emergent diseases in spite of control measures. In the present review attention is drawn to some of the reasons for this. The leishmaniases have expanded beyond their natural ecotopes due to the ecological chaos caused by man and this in turn affects the levels of his exposure to the vectors. Examples of how different phenomana (such as war, civilian migration, immuno-suppression caused by medication and viral infections, globalization of work and leisure and transmission outside endemic areas) contribute to the spread and increase of the disease are discussed.
Authors:
Jeffrey Shaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0074-0276     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-26     Completed Date:  2008-04-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502619     Medline TA:  Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  541-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1374, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brasil. jeffreyj@usp.br
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dogs
Humans
Insect Vectors
Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / epidemiology*,  transmission
Leishmaniasis, Visceral / epidemiology*,  transmission
Risk Factors
Travel
War
World Health*

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