Document Detail

A latent growth examination of fear development in infancy: contributions of maternal depression and the risk for toddler anxiety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20438177     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Growth modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectory of infant temperamental fear with maternal fear and depressive symptoms as predictors of infant fearfulness and change in infant fear predicting toddler anxiety symptoms. In Study 1, a sample of 158 mothers reported their own depressive symptoms and fear when their children were 4 months of age and infant fearfulness at 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 months. Maternal symptoms of depression predicted steeper increases in infant fearfulness over time (z = 2.06, p < .05), with high initial infant fear and steeper increases in fear (intercept, z = 2.32, p < .05, and slope, z = 1.88, p < .05) predicting more severe toddler anxiety symptoms. In Study 2, an independent sample of 134 mothers completed measures of maternal depression and fear when the infants were 4 months old, and standardized laboratory observations of infant fear were made at 8, 10, and 12 months. Consistent with Study 1, maternal depression accounted for change in fearfulness (z = 2.30, p < .05), with more frequent and more severe maternal symptoms leading to greater increases in infant fear and increases in fearfulness z = 2.08, p < .05) leading to more problematic toddler anxiety. The implications and contributions of these findings are discussed in terms of methodology, fear development, and developmental psychopathology.
Maria A Gartstein; David J Bridgett; Mary K Rothbart; Christopher Robertson; Erin Iddins; Kristin Ramsay; Sarah Schlect
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-04     Completed Date:  2010-08-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  651-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 APA, all rights reserved
Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4820, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology*
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Depression / psychology
Fear / psychology*
Infant Behavior / psychology
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Middle Aged
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers / psychology*
Personality Assessment
Stress, Psychological / psychology

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