Document Detail


The larynx for neurologists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19901709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The larynx is an amazingly versatile musculocartilaginous organ with complex sensory and motor responsibilities which allow functional coordination of the upper aerodigestive tract.
REVIEW SUMMARY: Phylogeny, anatomy, and function of the larynx are reviewed. The major laryngeal responsibilities are phonation, deglutition, control of respiration, and airway protection. Although phonation is the least important laryngeal function for survival, it is possibly the most "human" function, and special attention is paid to the mechanism of the human voice. Parkinson's hypophonia, vocal fold paralysis, and spasmodic dysphonia cases are presented to illustrate specific examples of neurologic dysfunction.
CONCLUSION: Understanding laryngeal function will promote earlier diagnosis of neurologic deficits and facilitate accurate evaluation and treatment of laryngeal dysfunction.
Authors:
Tanya K Meyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The neurologist     Volume:  15     ISSN:  2331-2637     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurologist     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-10     Completed Date:  2010-01-26     Revised Date:  2014-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503763     Medline TA:  Neurologist     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Animals
Croup / pathology,  physiopathology
Humans
Laryngeal Diseases / complications
Larynx / anatomy & histology*,  physiology*
Male
Neurology*
Parkinson Disease / pathology,  physiopathology
Phylogeny
Vocal Cord Paralysis / pathology,  physiopathology
Voice Disorders / etiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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