Document Detail


A laboratory-based investigation of relations among video lottery terminal (VLT) play, negative mood, and alcohol consumption in regular VLT players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12201386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thirty regular video lottery terminal (VLT) players were randomly assigned to 90 min of VLT play or a control activity (viewing a movie) to examine the impact of VLT play on alcohol use. Ratings of dysphoric mood were taken at baseline, midactivity, and postactivity. Alcoholic and nonalcoholic control beverages were available throughout. As hypothesized, those in the VLT condition were more likely to consume alcoholic than nonalcoholic control beverages (i.e., 73% drank alcohol and 20% drank control beverages), whereas no such preference for alcohol was observed in the movie control condition (i.e., 40% drank alcohol and 47% drank control beverages). Consistentwith predictions derived from Steele and Josephs' [J. Abnorm. Psychol. 97 (1988) 196; Am. Psychol. 45 (1990) 921.] attention allocation model, VLT condition participants who drank alcohol showed increases in dysphoric effect over the course of testing. No such changes in negative mood were observed in VLT participants who did not consume alcohol or in movie control participants regardless of whether they drank alcohol. An observed temporal pattern of greater drinking during the early phase of VLT play indicated that the relation between alcohol use and dysphoric affect among VLT condition participants could not readily be explained by drinking to relieve dysphoria induced by VLT losses. Clinical and policy implications are discussed.
Authors:
Sherry H Stewart; Lachlan A McWilliams; James R Blackburn; Raymond M Klein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    2002 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-30     Completed Date:  2003-01-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  819-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. sstewart@is.dal.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect*
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Analysis of Variance
Computer Terminals
Female
Gambling / psychology*
Humans
Male
Nova Scotia

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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