Document Detail

A keyhole-shaped sternal defect in an ancient human skeleton.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22441813     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We observed a sternal foramen contiguous with a small sternal cleft in a human skeleton coming from North-Eastern Italy and dating back to between the sixteenth and seventeenth century AD. Both of these types of anomalies result from a defective midline fusion of the developing sternum. Sternal foramen is a relatively common bony defect that usually comes to light as an incidental finding. Sternal cleft is a rarer morphological anomaly that can have a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcomes, depending on the extent of the bony defect as well as on the presence and severity of other abnormalities. The coexistence of a sternal foramen and a sternal cleft has very rarely been described in the literature. We report here one such unusual association and discuss its potential practical implications. In most cases, sternal foramina and small sternal clefts are clinically uneventful; yet, lack of awareness about the existence of these subtle anatomical variations can sometimes lead to misinterpretation of radiological and pathological findings or make sternal biopsy and acupuncture unsafe.
Paola Saccheri; Gastone Sabbadini; Francesco Toso; Luciana Travan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1279-8517     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608029     Medline TA:  Surg Radiol Anat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Section of Anatomy, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Udine Medical School, Piazzale Kolbe n. 3, 33100, Udine, Italy.
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