Document Detail


Is it who you are or what you do that is important in the human gut?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23887030     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current leading view is that functionality and not phylotype is the most important determinant for the services provided by the gut microbiota. Here we present an alternative opinion, advocating the importance of phylotype in addition to function. We believe the literature is misled by technical artifacts in defining operational taxonomic units (OTUs), which are binned groups of bacteria based on sequence homology. Furthermore, the current metagenomic approaches where the total DNA in a sample is mixed prior to sequencing and subsequently resolved by a bioinformatics approach, are highly error prone with respect to both functional and phylotype assignments. We argue that the directions of the OTU and metagenome errors are such that stable phylotypes are overlooked, while functional stability is overestimated. Taking these errors into account, we propose that phylotype represents an interface for functionality, and is for this reason an important determinant for the services provided by the gut microbiota to the host.
Authors:
E Avershina; K Rudi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Beneficial microbes     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1876-2891     ISO Abbreviation:  Benef Microbes     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101507616     Medline TA:  Benef Microbes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Universitetstunet 3, 1432 Ås, Norway.
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