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Is it necessary to induce labor in cases of intrauterine growth restriction at term?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23104797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objectives: Infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have increased morbidity and mortality. The decision whether to induce labor at term or to expectantly manage these pregnancies is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of these two management strategies in term pregnancies. Study design: This retrospective cohort study compared neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality of IUGR fetuses (estimated fetal weight below the 10th percentile) between induced and spontaneous labors. Results: Records of 669 IUGR newborns were reviewed; 499 were delivered through spontaneous labor and 170 were delivered through induced labor. Epidemiology and early perinatal outcomes between the two groups were similar. The cesarean section rate was significantly higher (P<0.005) in the induced group. Conclusions: Expectant management for term IUGR pregnancies seems to be safe, with lower rates of cesarean deliveries. A large, prospective, randomized controlled trial with long-term neonatal follow-up is indicated.
Authors:
Tal Shavit; Eran Ashual; Rivka Regev; Dana Sadeh; Moshe D Fejgin; Tal Biron-Shental
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatal medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1619-3997     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Med     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361031     Medline TA:  J Perinat Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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