Document Detail

An intervention to decrease adolescent indoor tanning: a multi-method pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23601614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Indoor tanning usually begins during adolescence, but few strategies exist to discourage adolescent use. We developed and tested a parent-teenager intervention to decrease indoor tanning use.
METHODS: Through focus groups, we identified key messages to enhance parent-teenager communication about indoor tanning, and then developed a pamphlet for parents and postcards for adolescents to use in a direct mail experiment with randomly selected households. Two weeks after the mailing, we asked intervention parents (n = 87) and adolescents (n = 69) and nonintervention parents (n = 31) and adolescents (n = 28) about intervention receipt and content recall, parental concern, monitoring, parent-teenager conversations, and indoor tanning intention.
RESULTS: In intervention households, 54% of mothers and 56% of girls recalled receipt and reported reading materials, but few boys and no fathers did. Among mothers, 57% in intervention households indicated concern about daughters' indoor tanning, and 25% would allow daughters to tan indoors, whereas 43% of nonintervention mothers had concerns and 46% would allow indoor tanning. Fewer girls in intervention households than in nonintervention households thought parents would allow indoor tanning (44% vs. 65%), and fewer intended to tan indoors (36% vs. 60%). Most mothers and daughters who read the intervention materials also reported discussions about indoor tanning. Moreover, the less likely girls were to think that their mothers would allow indoor tanning, the less likely it was that they intended to tan indoors, a relationship mediated by perceptions of maternal monitoring.
CONCLUSIONS: A systematic qualitative and quantitative research approach yielded well-received indoor tanning prevention messages for mothers and female adolescents. Enhancing maternal monitoring has potential to decrease adolescent indoor tanning.
DeAnn Lazovich; Kelvin Choi; Cheri Rolnick; Jody M Jackson; Jean Forster; Brian Southwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1879-1972     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adolesc Health     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-22     Completed Date:  2013-10-31     Revised Date:  2014-05-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102136     Medline TA:  J Adolesc Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S76-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Focus Groups
Health Promotion / methods*
Intervention Studies
Interviews as Topic
Middle Aged
Mother-Child Relations*
Pilot Projects
Postal Service
Skin Neoplasms / prevention & control*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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