Document Detail


The interrelationship of mortality and fertility in rural Bolivia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7095797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relationship between fertility and child mortality in the rural canton of Ancoraimes, Bolivia, a high-altitude Aymara Indian community located 135 km from La Paz, is analyzed in this article. 149 families with school-age children were interviewed; the data do not represent a random sample of the population. Among all 149 families, 6.30 live births and 4.85 living children were reported, while in 48 families with wife aged over 45 years, 7.5 liveborn children and 5.37 living children were reported. The number of reported deaths under age 1/1000 live births was 129 for all families and 114 for completed families, under age 2 there were 210 and 222 deaths/1000 live births, and under age 12 there were 228 and 242 deaths/1000 live births. The sex ratio at birth was 106. The infant mortality rate was calculated at 129/1000 live births. The similarity of the completed fertility level and infant mortality rate to those of other high altitude Andean communities suggests that the figures are not greatly underestimated. For the total sample, a significant positive correlation was found between fertility and childhood mortality, due mainly to the lower mortality of families with fewer than 5 live births. For the completed families, there was no correlation between fertility and childhood mortality. The probability of dying before age 12 was found to be greatest for 1st and 2nd births and to decrease with increasing birth order. When the probability of dying before age 12 was calculated for each birth order for each family size, there did not seem to be any systematic increase in the mortality rate at a given birth order for families with 5-13 live births.
Authors:
S Stinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human biology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0018-7143     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:  1982 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-09-24     Completed Date:  1982-09-24     Revised Date:  2011-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0116717     Medline TA:  Hum Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-313     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bolivia
Child
Demography
Female
Fertility*
Humans
Male
Mortality*
Pregnancy
Rural Population

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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