Document Detail

The interplay between diet, urate transporters and the risk for gout and hyperuricemia: current and future directions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23253231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Diet plays a significant role in the development of gout and hyperuricemia. Gout and hyperuricemia have likewise been associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Epidemiological studies have shown that certain foods influence levels of serum uric acid and the risk for development of gout.This article reviews the influence of dietary factors on serum uric acid levels and risk of gout, as well as the role of urate transporters in the development of hyperuricemia and gout.Various epidemiological studies have shown the effects of certain foods on the risk of developing gout and hyperuricemia. Low-fat dairy products, purine-rich vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes, and less sugary fruits, coffee and vitamin C supplements decrease the risk, whereas intake of red meat, fructose-containing beverages and alcohol increase the risk of gout. There is also an increased although basic understanding of the effects of vitamin C, alcohol and fructose on urate transporters. Certain foods can lead to a decreased or increased risk of development of gout and hyperuricemia. Advances have established the interplay of certain foods on urate transporters and renal handling of urate. More studies, especially prospective ones, are needed to increase our understanding of the roles of foods and urate transporters and other molecular mechanisms on the risk of developing gout and hyperuricemia.
Karina D Torralba; Emerson De Jesus; Shylaja Rachabattula
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of rheumatic diseases     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1756-185X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Rheum Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101474930     Medline TA:  Int J Rheum Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-506     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases © 2012 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Division of Rheumatology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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