Document Detail

An interpersonally based intervention for low-income pregnant women with intimate partner violence: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21153559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of low-income pregnant women with recent intimate partner violence (IPV). Fifty-four women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention consisted of four sessions during pregnancy and one "booster" session within 2 weeks of delivery. Based on principles of Interpersonal Psychotherapy, the intervention was designed to help participants improve their interpersonal relationships, including their social support networks, and master their role transition to motherhood. Assessments were administered at four time points (intake, 5-6 weeks post-intake, 2 weeks postpartum, 3 months postpartum) to assess for depression, PTSD, and IPV. The intervention did not significantly reduce the likelihood of a major depressive episode, PTSD, or IPV during pregnancy or up to 3-month postpartum. However, we found moderate effects for the intervention in reducing symptoms of PTSD and depression during pregnancy and a large effect for PTSD symptoms from pregnancy up to 3 months postpartum. This study suggests some initial support for our intervention. Larger randomized trials are needed to further examine the intervention both during and after pregnancy.
Caron Zlotnick; Nicole M Capezza; Donna Parker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of women's mental health     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1435-1102     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  2011-04-12     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815663     Medline TA:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Depressive Disorder, Major / prevention & control
Domestic Violence / prevention & control*,  psychology
Interpersonal Relations
Intervention Studies
Pilot Projects
Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control,  psychology
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology,  prevention & control*
Young Adult
Grant Support
R34 MH075013/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R34 MH075013-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R34 MH075013-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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