Document Detail

Is internal-external control an age-related variable?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1263149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Following the suggestion proposed by Duke, Shaheen, and Nowicki, this study was designed to test the basic hypothesis that the meaning of internal-external control (I-E) may differ with age. Such variables as age, educational level, socioeconomic status, self-confidence, etc., which have consistently been found to relate to I-E for children through college age Ss, were examined to see if these bear a relationship to I-E for a group of parents (95 fathers and 107 mothers) of college students (father mean age 48, mother mean age 46). Results indicated that with the exception of father education, there was no significant relationship between I-E and all other variables. Thus, these findings support the notion that I-E is an age-related variable, that generalizations from previous studies to older people should be re-evaluated, and that future research should study the meaning and dynamics of I-E for older people.
R C Lao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of psychology     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0022-3980     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychol     Publication Date:  1976 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-07-06     Completed Date:  1976-07-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376332     Medline TA:  J Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Educational Status
Internal-External Control*
Job Satisfaction
Middle Aged
Personality Tests
Population Density
Self Assessment (Psychology)
Social Values

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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