Document Detail

The interleukin 17 system in cortical lesions in focal cortical dysplasias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23334598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT: Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are increasingly recognized as important causes of medically intractable epilepsy. To understand the potential role of the interleukin 17 (IL-17) system in the epileptogenesis of FCDs, we studied the expression patterns of the IL-17 system in 15 FCD type Ia (FCDIa), 12 FCD type IIa (FCDIIa), and 12 FCD type IIb (FCDIIb) cortical lesions and compared the results with those in cerebral cortex from 10 control patients. Protein levels of IL-17, IL-17 receptor (IL-17R), and downstream factors of the IL-17 pathway (nuclear factor-κB activator 1 [NFκB; ACT1] and NFκB-p65) were markedly elevated in FCDIa, FCDIIa, and FCDIIb. Moreover, protein levels of IL-17 and IL-17R positively correlated with the frequency of seizures in FCD patients. Immunostaining indicated that IL-17 and IL-17R are highly expressed in neuronal microcolumns, dysmorphic neurons, balloon cells, astrocytes, and vascular endothelial cells. Nuclear factor-κB activator 1 and NFκB-p65 were diffusely expressed in FCDs. In addition, we detected a few IL-17-positive, CD4-positive T lymphocytes in FCDIIa and FCDIIb but not in FCDIa. Taken together, these findings suggest that the overexpression of the IL-17 system and the activation of the IL-17 signal transduction pathway may be involved in the epileptogenicity ofcortical lesions in FCDs, thus representing a novel potential target for antiepileptic therapy.
Jiao-Jiang He; Song Li; Hai-Feng Shu; Si-Xun Yu; Shi-Yong Liu; Qing Yin; Hui Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1554-6578     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985192R     Medline TA:  J Neuropathol Exp Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
From the Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
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