Document Detail


On the interaction between linguistic and pictorial systems in the absence of semantic mediation: evidence from a priming paradigm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10790976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Use of the letter search task in the context of the priming paradigm has proved to be an invaluable tool for the investigation of the strategic control of processes involved in word recognition. In particular, previous findings that letter search on a prime word interferes with the priming of semantically/associatively related targets, but not with the priming of either identical or morphologically related targets, suggests that letter search may selectively interfere with semantic processing, leaving other levels of processing intact. In the present experiments, this investigation was extended by exploring the priming of pictures following letter search of either a same-concept word (repetition priming) or a semantically/associatively related word (semantic priming). There was significant repetition priming of picture categorization following both silent reading and letter search of the prime word (Experiments 1 and 2). In contrast, semantic priming of pictures was found only following silent reading of the prime; there was no semantic priming following letter search of the prime (Experiment 2). This pattern of results suggests that focusing attention at the letter level during prime processing selectively attenuates activation of the semantic system by the prime. It does not prevent the spread of activation between the lexical and pictogen levels of representation of a given concept.
Authors:
M C Smith; N Meiran; D Besner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0090-502X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-26     Completed Date:  2000-06-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  204-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Life Sciences Division, University of Toronto, Scarborough, ON, Canada. smith@scar.utoronto.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Linguistics*
Reaction Time
Semantics
Time Factors
Visual Perception / physiology*
Vocabulary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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