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An integrated process for removing the inhibitors of the pre-hydrolysis liquor of kraft-based dissolving pulp process via cationic polymer treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22610934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pre-hydrolysis liquor (PHL) of the kraft-based dissolving pulp production process contains various amounts of hemicelluloses that can be utilized in the production of value-added products. In this work, a new process was proposed for removing the inhibitors of PHL via employing a flocculation concept in order to facilitate the utilization of hemicelluloses. Lignin, lignocelluloses/cationic polymer complexes and possibly ethanol are the main products of this process. This process has been experimentally evaluated with an industrially produced PHL and cationic polymers. The results showed that 16% of lignin, 19% of acetic acid, 43% of furfural and insignificant amount of sugars were removed from PHL via pretreating PHL with acid and lime at pH 7. Furthermore, by adding 0.4-0.5 mg/g polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) or chitosan to the pretreated PHL, 12-14% acetic acid, 40-50% furfural, 5-6% monomeric sugars and 25% oligomeric sugars were removed from the PHL. The complexes made from these components may be applied as organic fillers in various industries. Alternatively, by adding 1.2 or 1.4 mg/g PDADMAC or chitosan to the pretreated PHL, 30% or 35% of lignin was removed, respectively, which induced complexes that could be used as a fuel source. The composition of the complexes formed was also determined in this work. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2012.
Authors:
Abrar Saeed; Pedram Fatehi; Yonghao Ni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology progress     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-6033     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506292     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Prog     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering and Limerick Pulp and Paper Centre, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3.
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