Document Detail


The influence of weather on human mortality in Hong Kong.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10626765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study is the first attempt to investigate mortality seasonality and weather-mortality relationships in Hong Kong from 1980 to 1994. Monthly mortality data from all causes of death, neoplasm, circulatory and respiratory diseases were obtained from the Census and Statistics Department and the weather data were obtained from the Hong Kong Observatory. Regression analyses and ANOVA were employed. Significant winter peaks in sex specific and total deaths from all causes, circulatory and respiratory diseases were ascertained. Cancer mortality, however, was not seasonal. Mortality seasonality only existed in age groups 45-64 and > or =65. For the impact of weather on mortality, no significant relationship between weather variables and cancer mortality was observed. A significant negative association between minimum temperature and a positive relationship between cloud and deaths were found. This suggests that colder and cloudy conditions may heighten mortality. Wind was discovered to have a negative association with mortality. This finding revealed that the stressful effect of wind on mortality was negligible. There was no apparent sex difference. Deaths from the younger age groups (0-24 yr old) were not weather related. Weak weather connection with mortality for age group 25-44 was discovered, with Adj r2 values ranging from 0.05 to 0.07. The elderly (age > or =65) were more vulnerable to weather stress and strong weather-mortality relationship was uncovered, with Adj r2 values from 0.36 to 0.66. These results are important information for formulating public health policies.
Authors:
Y Y Yan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-02     Completed Date:  2000-02-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, People's Republic of China. yyan@ctsc.hkbu.edu.hk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Distribution
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*
Cause of Death*
Female
Hong Kong / epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / mortality*
Registries
Regression Analysis
Respiratory Tract Diseases / mortality*
Risk Factors
Seasons
Sex Distribution
Survival Analysis
Weather*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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