Document Detail

The influence of visual rehabilitation on secondary depressive disorders due to age-related macular degeneration : A randomized controlled pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23380979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) often leads to visual impairment, loss of reading ability, reduced quality of life and secondary depression. The present study examined if visual rehabilitation has a preventive effect on secondary depression in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a controlled pilot study 20 patients were randomized into 2 groups whereby 9 underwent visual rehabilitation at first examination and 11 received magnifying visual aids only after 3 months. Psychosocial status was assessed by the geriatric depression scale (GDS) and the German version of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies depression (CES-D) scale (main outcome parameter), cognitive status by the dementia detection test (DemTecT), minimental status (MMS) and quality of life by the National Eye Institute visual function questionnaire (NEI-VFQ 25). Ophthalmological examination included reading speed measurement by standardized texts (International Reading Speed Texts; IReST). RESULTS: Parameters of the CES-D scale, DemTect and the subitem exercise of social roles of the NEI-VFQ 25 emerged in a divergent manner. Patients of the rehabilitation group became less depressive and improved in cognitive and social abilities and in the control group vice versa. The interactive effect of group and time was statistically significant for all three tests. CONCLUSIONS: Visual rehabilitation has a positive impact on depression as well as cognitive status and quality of life in patients with AMD. The effects have to be confirmed in future studies with more patients and a longer observation period.
A Mielke; K Wirkus; R Niebler; G Eschweiler; N X Nguyen; S Trauzettel-Klosinski
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0423     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmologe     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206148     Medline TA:  Ophthalmologe     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  GER     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department für Augenheilkunde, Sehbehindertenambulanz, Universität Tübingen, Schleichstr. 12-16, 72076, Tübingen, Deutschland.
Vernacular Title:
Einfluss visueller Rehabilitation auf sekundäre depressive Störungen bei altersabhängiger Makuladegeneration : Eine randomisierte kontrollierte Pilotstudie.
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