Document Detail


The influence of shape similarity and shared labels on infants' inductive inferences about nonobvious object properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11768138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the influence of object labels and shape similarity on 16- to 21-month-old infants' inductive inferences. In three experiments, a total of 144 infants were presented with novel target objects with or without a nonobvious property, followed by test objects that varied in shape similarity to the target. When objects were not labeled, infants generalized the nonobvious property to test objects that were highly similar in shape (Experiment 1). When objects were labeled with novel nouns, infants relied both on shape similarity and shared labels to generalize properties (Experiment 2). Finally, when objects were labeled with familiar nouns, infants generalized the properties to those objects that shared the same label, regardless of shape similarity (Experiment 3). The results of these experiments delineate the role of perceptual similarity and conceptual information in guiding infants' inductive inferences.
Authors:
A N Welder; S A Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-20     Completed Date:  2002-05-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1653-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Cognition / physiology*
Concept Formation / physiology*
Female
Form Perception / physiology*
Humans
Infant
Male
Random Allocation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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