Document Detail


The influence of recruitment training on serum lipid shifts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15646197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We followed 930 healthy men who did not alter their habit of smoking cigarettes or ingesting alcohol for 3 months in a recruitment-training course. Lipid profiles were checked on two separate occasions 3 months apart. Smokers had lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels then nonsmokers before initiating the recruitment training. The average amount of exercise increased mildly by the evaluation of Borg score (p = 0.0004). There was a statistically significant difference in body weight reduction from 65.3 +/- 11.2 kg to 64.7 +/- 10.1 kg (p < 0.0001). In univariate analysis, there was an 8.7% decrease of the serum level of total cholesterol (TC; from 167.3 +/- 30.8 mg/dL to 152.7 +/- 26.9 mg/dL). There was a 15.2% decrease of the serum level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (from 104.1 +/- 28.3 mg/dL to 88.2 +/- 22.1 mg/dL). A 13.4% decrease of the serum level of apoprotein B (from 74.7 +/- 22.05 mg/dL to 64.7 +/- 17.0 mg/dL) was also noted. The TC/HDL cholesterol decreased from 1.18 +/- 0.24 to 1.08 +/- 0.24 in natural logarithm scales. All of the declines were statistically significantly different, with p less than 0.0001. The shift of HDL was not statistically significant (from 51.8 +/- 11.5 mg/dL to 52.4 +/- 12.5 mg/dL, p = 0.14). With a multivariate analysis, weight reduction was the most important factor contributing to the cholesterol-lowering effect. With a mild increase of exercise intensity, alcohol demostrated benefits to reduce serum cholesterol levels. Smoking would countervail the cholesterol-lowering benefits of alcohol use. It was evident that the serum levels of TC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the apoprotein B levels were increased in alcoholic smokers after exercise, but were decreased in alcoholic nonsmokers.
Authors:
Lee Tai-Min; Chao Chi-Ting; Lin Su-Sing; Lung For-Wey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  169     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-13     Completed Date:  2005-02-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1011-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Military Kaohsiung General Hospital, No. 2 Chung Cheng 1st Road, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking
Humans
Lipids / blood*
Male
Military Medicine*
Military Personnel / education*,  statistics & numerical data
Physical Education and Training*
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Questionnaires
Smoking
Taiwan
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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