Document Detail

The influence of psychological factors on breastfeeding duration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18727767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This paper reports on a study examining the relationship between women's psychological characteristics and breastfeeding duration, after controlling for socio-demographic factors. BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that psychological factors may influence breastfeeding behaviour, but studies are few. Existing evidence and the results of phase 1 of our study were used to construct a list of psychological factors, which were tested for their association with breastfeeding duration in the current design. METHOD: Participants were postnatal inpatients in one of two regional hospitals between October and December 2005 and they completed the initial questionnaire within 14 days of giving birth (n = 375). Infant feeding method at 6 months and the timing of introduction of other food(s), where relevant, were ascertained by telephone interview. FINDINGS: Forty-four per cent of the sample showed signs of postnatal distress in the 14 days following the birth. Breastfeeding duration was statistically significantly associated with psychological factors including dispositional optimism, breastfeeding self-efficacy, faith in breastmilk, breastfeeding expectations, anxiety, planned duration of breastfeeding and the time of the infant feeding decision. As a set, these psychological factors were more predictive of breastfeeding duration than was the set of socio-demographic characteristics. The duration of any breastfeeding was uniquely predicted by faith in breastmilk, planned breastfeeding duration and breastfeeding self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: This increased knowledge of the factors influencing breastfeeding will assist in identifying women at risk of early weaning and in constructing programmes capable of increasing the length of time for which women breastfeed.
Maxine O'Brien; Elizabeth Buikstra; Desley Hegney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of advanced nursing     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1365-2648     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adv Nurs     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-27     Completed Date:  2008-12-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609811     Medline TA:  J Adv Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  397-408     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / psychology*
Follow-Up Studies
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Middle Aged
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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