Document Detail

The influence of patella height on intra-operative soft tissue balance in posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22120839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Although the patella reduced or everted position has recently been recognized as an important factor in influencing soft tissue balance during the assessment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the influence of patella height on soft tissue balance has not been well addressed. We therefore investigated the effect of patella height by comparing soft tissue balance between high [Insall-Salvati index (ISI) > 1] and low patella patients (ISI ≦ 1). METHODS: Using a tensor designed to facilitate soft tissue balance measurements with a reduced patellofemoral joint and femoral component in place, we intra-operatively assessed the joint component gap and ligament balance of posterior-stabilized (PS) TKAs in 30 osteoarthritic patients performed at 0, 10, 45, 90, and 135° of flexion, with the patella reduced. RESULTS: When comparing the two groups, the component gaps of the higher patella group showed a larger trend than those of the lower patella group, with significant differences at 90 and 135° of knee flexion. Moreover, the joint component gap positively correlated with ISI at 90 and 135° of knee flexion. CONCLUSION: Patella higher group showed significant larger component gaps than patella lower group in high flexion angles (90 and 135°). Pre-operative measurement of patellar height can help predict intra-operative soft tissue balance in PS TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Hiroshi Sasaki; Seiji Kubo; Tomoyuki Matsumoto; Hirotsugu Muratsu; Takehiko Matsushita; Kazunari Ishida; Koji Takayama; Shinya Oka; Masahiro Kurosaka; Ryosuke Kuroda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan,
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