Document Detail

The influence of oxytocin administration on responses to infant faces and potential moderation by OXTR genotype.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22763666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
RATIONALE: Oxytocin is a neuropeptide that is associated with increases in social affiliative behaviors, particularly toward infants. However, no previous study has investigated healthy adults' responses to infant faces following oxytocin administration. In addition, given that preliminary evidence suggests that a single-nucleotide polymorphism of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, rs53576, may influence behaviors associated with parental sensitivity, we assessed whether such responses vary according to OXTR rs53576 genotype.
OBJECTIVES: The present study assessed the effects of intranasally administered oxytocin and OXTR genotype on human adults' preferences for infant faces.
METHODS: A double-blind, between-groups design was used, with 57 genotyped volunteers randomly assigned to receive intranasally administered oxytocin or placebo. Fifty minutes following the administration of oxytocin or placebo, participants viewed infants' and adults' faces showing neutral expressions and assessed how appealing they found each face.
RESULTS: Infants' faces were more strongly preferred following oxytocin inhalation relative to placebo. When participants were separated according to genotype, this effect was only observed for participants homozygous for the rs53576G allele. Parallel effects were not seen for adults' faces.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results are consistent with the hypothesis that acute oxytocin administration increases sensitivity to reward-relevant features of infants and/or reduces sensitivity to their aversive properties. The results are also consistent with suggestions of more efficient oxytocinergic function in rs53576G homozygotes.
Abigail A Marsh; Henry H Yu; Daniel S Pine; Elena K Gorodetsky; David Goldman; R J R Blair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural     Date:  2012-07-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  224     ISSN:  1432-2072     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  2013-05-10     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  469-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Intranasal
Choice Behavior*
Double-Blind Method
Oxytocin / administration & dosage,  metabolism,  pharmacology*
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Receptors, Oxytocin / genetics*
Young Adult
Grant Support
Z01 AA000301-09/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; Z99 MH999999/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/OXTR protein, human; 0/Receptors, Oxytocin; 50-56-6/Oxytocin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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