Document Detail

The influence of orotracheal intubation on the oral tissue development in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22763593     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Purpose: Preterm children may not be prepared for extra-uterine life and thus need neonatal intensive care, such as artificial ventilation through orotracheal intubation. Oral tissue development changes as a result of the use of an orotracheal tube and its mechanical influence in preterm neonates has not been intensively studied. The purpose of the present study was to determine the association of orotracheal intubation with incidence of oral alterations in preterm infants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort of 117 subjects who were born during the period 2002-2003 in Brazil were evaluated and the data were analysed using the Fisher and Mann-Whitney exact tests. A 95% confidence interval was calculated for observed oral conditions. Results: The cohort revealed that the most frequent oral conditions included anterior crossbite, superior alveolar contour and palatal deformation. Conclusions: The association between the intubated-infant group and the non-intubated-infant group suggested that mechanical trauma had an influence on the oral structure development.
Patricia Valeria Alves; Ronir Raggio Luiz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oral health & preventive dentistry     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1602-1622     ISO Abbreviation:  Oral Health Prev Dent     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101167768     Medline TA:  Oral Health Prev Dent     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-7     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
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